The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) was originally developed for Europe, but the ‘can do’ statements have global application. After all, the ability to ‘understand simple technical information, such as operating instructions for everyday equipment’ or to ‘understand short, simple texts on familiar matters’ is relevant worldwide. Could it not therefore be renamed the Global Framework of Reference for Languages? Read more
Children in Northern Ireland start school at the age of four; in the Irish republic it’s six. And in much of Europe, it’s seven. Does an early start lead to better outcomes? David Whitebread explains why children may need more time to develop before their formal education begins in earnest.